Blue Wyandotte: Breed Profile

By Chicken Fans Editorial Team
With contributions from the Dutch Wyandotte Club and Cactus Hill Poultry
We collaborated with Blue Wyandotte breeders of the Dutch Wyandotte Club and Cactus Hill Poultry to collect all there is to know about the blue Wyandotte. Should you still have any questions, feel free to contact us, and we’ll update the guide.

Characteristics | Eggs | Rooster vs Hen | Climate | Blue Color | History | Genetics | Personality

Blue Wyandottes are an official grey-blue color variety of the Wyandotte. It’s a modern color that only got admitted to the APA Standard in 1977. The blue color is also seen in non-official lines, like the Blue Partridge, Blue Penciled, and Blue Columbian Wyandottes.


The Blue Wyandotte has a shiny, uniform, soft, silvery-grey-blue plumage. Their feathers have a shady, solid color, lacking the strong lacing and patterns in other Wyandotte varieties. They do, however, show a bit of very fine lacing, as each feather may show a narrow, slightly darker feather edge.

Eggs200 eggs/year
Egg ColorBrown
Egg SizeLarge
Weight6.5 – 8 lbs
TemperamentFriendly but assertive

Blue Wyandottes are considered a medium-sized breed. Roosters typically weigh between 8 to 9 pounds (3.6 to 4.1 kilograms), while hens range from 6 to 7 pounds (2.7 to 3.2 kilograms). Their well-rounded bodies and muscular builds make them a perfect dual-purpose breed.

blue wyandotte hen in the grass
Blue Wyandotte in the backyard – Joyce VT (Dutch Wyandotte Club)

Wyandotte chickens have their signature rose comb, low and round on the head and adorned with small, red earlobes. Their legs are yellow, their eyes are orange-red, and their beak is golden-colored.


A Blue Wyandotte is a dual-purpose breed and a decent egg layer. The hens lay about four large cream to brown eggs per week, or more than 200 eggs yearly.

The eggs of the Wyandotte tend to vary little in color, but – according to breeders – within the same Blue variety, the chickens usually lay the same shade of brown.

wyandotte eggs

In the winter, they usually slow down or stop laying, but if you add extra light, these cold-hardy birds tend to keep laying eggs. The only time Blue Wyandottes stop laying eggs is during molting.

Oftentimes, Blue Wyandotte hens tend to go broody, which can also cause them to stop egg production.

Blue Wyandotte Hen vs Rooster

Blue Wyandotte hens and roosters share some similarities, especially when it comes to the colors of their plumage. Distinguishing them can be difficult for the untrained eye.

blue wyandotte hens and rooster
A trio of Blue Wyandottes – Credits Bas S (Dutch Wyandotte Club)

The primary difference between them lies in their feathering. Here’s a closer look at the differences between Blue Wyandotte hens and roosters:

FeatureBlue RoosterBlue Hen
Weight8 lbs6.5 lbs
BackPointed saddle feathersRounded feathers
PlumageBlueish greyBlueish grey
Tail FeathersLong sickles, pointedShorter, rounded on the edges
Comb, WattlesBig, redSmall, pink
BodyLarge and broad with long legsSmaller, shorter legs
Blue Wyandotte Rooster vs Hen (Cockerel vs Pullet)

Roosters have long, curved, and prominent sickle tail feathers, known as sickles. These sickle feathers are absent in hens. Next to this feathering, roosters are, on average, bigger than hens.

blue wyandotte hen
Blue Wyandotte Hen – Joyce VT (Dutch Wyandotte Club)


Blue Wyandottes are great for different climates. They can handle cold weather well because they were bred to withstand harsh American winters. Their low, broad rose combs are less likely to get frostbite, and their thick feathers keep them warm in winter.

But when it gets hot, Wyandottes will struggle more. During a heatwave, make sure to keep them cool. Otherwise, they can quickly get too hot and suffer from heat stress.

When living in a hot or tropical environment, Wyandottes are not the best choice. In that case, watch for Mediterranean breeds like the Ancona or Sicilian Buttercup.

blue wyandotte hen and rooster foraging on a grassland in the sunset
A couple of Blue Wyandottes enjoying the sunset – Credits Bas S (Dutch Wyandotte Club)

Blue Wyandotte Variety

The world of Wyandotte colors and varieties is a complex maze to navigate. While The Standard of the American Poultry Association recognizes nine official varieties of the large fowl Wyandotte chicken, the Europeans list thirty colors.

Wyandotte chickens generally come in three classes:

  • Laced Wyandottes: silver laced, golden laced, blue laced, …
  • Marked Wyandottes: black-white Columbia, Partridge, Silver Penciled, …
  • Single-colored Wyandottes: white, blue, black, buff, …

The most popular Wyandotte varieties are the marked and laced ones. Their beauty lies in the exceptional patterns covering their entire bodies. Single-colored Wyandottes, like the Blue Wyandotte, are generally less attractive to breeders and chicken enthusiasts.

blue wyandotte

The blue color is also challenging to breed, as many birds of the offspring will be splash-colored. However, the Blue birds are also the origin of many blue-laced and marked Wyandottes, such as the Blue Columbian Wyandotte, the Blue Laced Wyandottes, Blue Penciled Wyandottes, and Blue Partridge Wyandotte.

Blue Silver Penciled Wyandotte

The Blue Silver Penciled Wyandotte is a variation of the popular Silver Laced Wyandotte. However, the lacing is grey-blue instead of black, which changes the overall tone of the bird:

blue silver penciled wyandotte
Silver Penciled Wyandotte – Jacob S (Dutch Wyandotte Club)

White Blue Columbian Wyandotte

The White Blue Columbian Wyandotte is a variant of the traditional Black and White Columbian Wyandotte, but its feathers have a grey shine instead of the usual black pigments.

white blue columbian wyandotte
White Blue Columbian Wyandotte – René VDM (Dutch Wyandotte Club)

Blue Partridge Wyandotte

The blue partridge Wyandotte is a stunning partridge bird where the blacks are replaced with blue. This color shift can result in a gorgeous plumage when the blue is appropriately distributed. In the picture below, you can see how the body and tail feathers of this Blue Partridge rooster are shiny blue with golden rims.

blue partridge wyandotte
Blue Partridge rooster – René VDM (Dutch Wyandotte Club)

Blue Wyandotte Genetics

The looks of the Blue Wyandotte are the result of chicken genetics:

  • they have Blue genes
  • they lack Pattern genes

Blue Color

The greyish color of the feathers comes from the Blue gene, which dilutes the black pigments in the feather. Chickens with a single copy of the Blue gene (Bl bl+) look greyish. Birds with two copies (Bl Bl) look Splash or almost white.

chicken chromosomes
The chicken genome, the blue gene is on chromosome 12

The Blue Wyandotte has only one copy of the Blue gene. It’s located on microchromosome 12, so it’s not a sex-linked gene.

Lack of lacing and patterns

To get a uniform color, the Blue Wyandotte can not have any copy of the pattern gene (Pg). While dominant white dominant white (E) suppresses the patterns of Pg in some White Wyandottes, they do show up in Blue Wyandottes. As a result, Blue Wyandottes never carry the pattern gene (pg+, pg+).

blue wyandotte hen front

If you mix Melanotic (Ml) in Blue Wyandottes, they become Black Laced Blue Wyandottes. To get the Columbian Blue variants, have a Columbian gene (Co) that dilutes the black pigments – but even then, it still depends on the types of blacks on the E-allele what you get.

Blue vs Lavender

Blue and Lavender in Wyandotte plumage refer to distinct genetic dilutions of black pigments. Blue Wyandotte feathers can show dark feather edges, while lavender (Lav), often termed “self-blue,” shows as even plumage without lacing. Lavender chickens may also have a weaker feather structure, so they need selective breeding for improvement.

History of the Blue Wyandotte

The Blue Wyandotte’s history is rooted in the development of the Wyandotte breed, which originated in the United States during the late 19th century. This breed’s creation remains a mystery, but it is believed it was created by crossing Dark Brahmas, Spangled Hamburgs, and others. The goal was to develop a dual-purpose breed known for its utility, hardiness, and striking looks.

Over time, various color varieties of Wyandottes were developed, including the Silver Laced, Golden Laced, White, and Partridge, among others. Each variety shows unique colors and patterns. In the picture below, you can see published work of The Reliable Poultry Journal regarding early Wyandotte varieties.

excerpt of The Wyandottes, published by The Reliable Poultry Journal
Scan of The Wyandottes published by The Reliable Poultry Journal in 1903

The Blue Wyandotte is a result of crossing the Black Wyandotte with the Blue Andalusian. The Blue Andalusian, with its bluish slate-colored plumage and distinct black lacing on each feather, was responsible for the blue color of the Wyandotte breed.

The Blue Wyandotte was admitted to the American Poultry Association (APA) Standard of Perfection in 1977, securing its place as a recognized and celebrated variety. Today, Blue Wyandottes are cherished for their unique appearance and contribute to the poultry world as both ornamental birds and as providers of meat and eggs.


Blue Wyandottes, like other members of the Wyandotte breed, are known for their friendly and pleasant personalities. Many chicken keepers favor them for their lovely temperament and adaptability.

They are often described as docile and approachable, making them a good choice for families and beginning chicken keepers.

blue wyandotte running
Blue Wyandotte running in the garden – René VDM (Dutch Wyandotte Club)

Though they can be dominant, Wyandottes tend to be relatively calm and non-aggressive when interacting with other flock members. They can establish a pecking order but do so without excessive aggression.

Due to their assertive nature and slightly heavier build, Wyandottes are mostly positioned high in the pecking order.

Related Articles

Here are some of the articles we mentioned:

If you are considering to get Silver Laced Wyandottes, here are some other resources:

Chicken Fans Editorial Team

The editorial team consists of 3rd generation chicken owners Kat, journalist, editor-in-chief, and Nick, working with illustrators and specialists in the field.